Use of cell-site simulator known as Hailstorm or Stingray in a Detroit case is the first known use by immigration agents of a device designed for counter-terrorism investigations.
Federal investigators are using a cellphone snooping device designed for counter-terrorism to hunt undocumented immigrants in President Trump’s immigration crackdown, reports the Detroit News. An unsealed federal search warrant affidavit obtained by The News is the first public acknowledgment that agents are using secret devices that masquerade as a cell tower to find people who entered the U.S. illegally, privacy and civil liberties experts said. The secret device was used in March by a team of FBI and Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents in Detroit to find Rudy Carcamo-Carranza, 23, a twice-deported restaurant worker from El Salvador whose only brushes with the law involve drunken driving allegations and a hit-and-run crash.
The cell-site simulator device, known as a Hailstorm or Stingray, tricks nearby phones into providing location data and can interrupt cellular service of all devices within the targeted location. Federal investigators are required to obtain a judge’s approval to use the device. “While the warrant does ensure a modicum of judicial oversight, it is troubling to see the government using invasive surveillance technology on the streets of America to grease the wheels of the Trump administration’s deportation machine,” said Nathan Wessler of the American Civil Liberties Union’s Speech, Privacy and Technology Project. “This is the first warrant I have seen specifically showing ICE’s use of a cell-site simulator in an immigration enforcement operation.” An Immigration and Customs Enforcement spokesman defended using the device to catch criminals.