Louisville Buisiness Group May Invest in Crime Fighting

A group of executives assembled by Humana co-founder David Jones Sr. could help pay for Louisville initiatives aimed at curbing the homicide rate. The group may invest in “Cure Violence,” which hires neighborhood “violence interrupters.”

A group of executives assembled by Humana co-founder David Jones Sr. could help pay for Louisville initiatives aimed at curbing the homicide rate, the Louisville Courier-Journal reports. “There has been an interest among many leaders in that room about where the city can improve as it relates to crime,” said Jennifer Hancock of Volunteers of America. The Steering Committee for Action on Louisville’s Agenda (SCALA) has been meeting with city officials to better understand the city’s violence intervention strategies. Hancock is co-chair of a subcommittee on public safety for the group, which includes 70 business, faith and nonprofit leaders from across the city. “If there are funding shortfalls because of grants or government support, is this a group that could come forward with resources that could further some of these interventions,” she said.

The city’s safe neighborhoods director, Rashaad Abdur-Rahmann, plans to talk to the group about Louisville’s Cure Violence model, which seeks to reduce neighborhood violence by treating crime like an infectious disease, according to Mayor Greg Fischer’s office. “I want to make it clear to this group that if we’re talking about public safety we’re talking about a comprehensive approach,” Abdur-Rahmann said. “That means engaging youth, community building and connecting people with resources of support. But we’re not looking at an incarceration model.” Cure Violence, a program started in Chicago, has people work as “violence interrupters” to de-escalate neighborhood tensions before they turn into clashes. In Louisville, the Metro Council allocated about $550,000 last year to hire about a dozen people — mostly reformed drug dealers, gang members and convicted felons with street credibility — to go into high-crime areas to help calm tensions.

from https://thecrimereport.org

New Mayors Group to Reject ‘Tough-on-Crime’ Tactics

Ten mayors have joined with the Center for American Progress advocacy group to launch a new national initiative called Mayors for Smart on Crime. They say they are committed to pursuing what they call “a fair, equitable, and comprehensive approach to public safety and criminal justice reform.”

Ten mayors have joined with the Center for American Progress advocacy group to launch a new national initiative of city leaders committed to pursuing what they call “a fair, equitable, and comprehensive approach to public safety and criminal justice reform.”

Mayors for Smart on Crime brings together mayors from cities of varying sizes and from different regions to present a voice for Smart on Crime principles, and reject “tough on crime” approaches that the mayors say are “short-sighted, ineffective, and disproportionate in their effect on black and Latino communities.”

The mayors taking part are Bill de Blasio of New York City, Jenny Durkan of Seattle, Karen Freeman-Wilson of Gary, In., Michael Hancock of Denver, Jim Kenney of Philadelphia, Michael Tubbs of Stockton, Ca., Marty Walsh of Boston, Sharon Weston Broome of Baton Rouge, Nan Whaley of Dayton, Oh., and Randall Woodfin of Birmingham, Al.

Freeman-Wilson said, “As a former attorney general, judge, and deputy prosecutor, I have seen the criminal justice problem from every angle. If we continue to use law enforcement centered solutions, we will get the same mixed results and we will continue to lose valuable human potential.”

Philadelphia’s Kenney said the group would be “standing up against the divisive Trump administration policies that threaten all the great progress we’ve made as cities and as a country.” Each quarter, mayors will focus on one of five areas: violence reduction and prevention, pre-trial and bail reform, accountable community policing, opportunities for the formerly incarcerated or those involved with the justice system, and public health solutions and investments.

from https://thecrimereport.org

New Evidence Links Medicaid Expansion to Lower Crime Rates

Economist Qiwei He of Clemson University, studying 2010-2016 FBI data, found that access to health care decreased homicide by 7.7 percent; burglary rates by 3.6 percent; motor vehicle thefts by 10 percent; robbery by 6.1 percent; and aggravated assault by 2.7 percent.

New economic research ties Medicaid expansion to lower crime rates and billions of dollars in “crime reduction benefits,” adding to the small body of empirical evidence on the effect of health care on criminal behavior.

Using state- and county-level data from FBI Uniform Crime Reports between 2010 and 2016, economist Qiwei He, of the John E. Walker Department of Economics at Clemson University, compared states with Medicaid expansions to those without, and found that access to health care decreased homicide by 7.7 percent; burglary rates by 3.6 percent; motor vehicle thefts by 10 percent; robbery by 6.1 percent; and aggravated assault by 2.7 percent.

According to the study, which was first published in late December and updated last week, Medicaid expansion saved states nearly $10 billion in one year.

The analysis was carried out concurrently with another investigation of Medicaid expansion and crime, covered in Oct 2017 by The Crime Report. While both studies conclude that access to health care reduces crime rates, He writes that his analysis shows a somewhat weaker effect.

According to He, “the statistically significant crime reduction effects of the Medicaid expansion on Burglary, motor vehicle theft, and robbery provide evidence that the Medicaid expansion is more likely to affect money-related crimes than other crimes.”

crime rates

See also: Medicaid Expansion Tied to Reduction in Crime

The full report, The Effect of Health Insurance on Crime Evidence from the Affordable Care Act Medicaid Expansion, is available for free download on SSRN. This summary was prepared by Deputy Editor Victoria Mckenzie. She welcomes readers’ comments.

from https://thecrimereport.org

‘Blueprint for Peace’: Milwaukee Plan Targets Violence

The newly released 10-year plan takes a public health approach, looking at causes of violence and modeling strategies used in other cities. It aims to curb gun violence, promote restorative justice, support children and families, and bolster coordination of violence prevention efforts.

Milwaukee on Friday unveiled its “Blueprint for Peace,” a comprehensive 10-year plan to decrease violence, reports the city’s Journal Sentinel. The plan takes a public health approach, looking at causes of violence and modeling strategies used in other cities. “I think it establishes a clear vision for all of us to work for and a sense of accountability,” said Reggie Moore, director of the city’s Office of Violence Prevention, which led the creation of the plan. The blueprint is organized around six broad goals: stop the shooting; promote healing and restorative justice; support children, youth and families; promote economic opportunity; foster safe and strong neighborhoods; and strengthen the coordination of violence prevention efforts.

The 96-page document offers specific strategies to achieve each goal, as well as data, background and context. An example of one of those strategies is Ceasefire, a neighborhood-based program. The city’s 2018 budget includes $280,000 for that effort. Those strategies will be focused on 10 neighborhoods selected based on high rates of violence over the past three years. Those metrics will continue to be tracked, as will rates of youth employment, to measure effectiveness. The blueprint is intended to serve as a guide for 10 years, with annual evaluations and updates. It will be overseen by a new Milwaukee Violence Prevention Council, which has not yet been created.

from https://thecrimereport.org

GPS and Social Media Surveillance-Best Hope for Corrections?

Observations Electronic monitoring data on reductions of technical violations and returns to prison indicate the possibility of a more effective and humane way to supervise high-risk offenders. But the only effective way for that to happen is to staff a real-time, 24-365 operation where there are experts to evaluate the data points and to come […]

Observations Electronic monitoring data on reductions of technical violations and returns to prison indicate the possibility of a more effective and humane way to supervise high-risk offenders. But the only effective way for that to happen is to staff a real-time, 24-365 operation where there are experts to evaluate the data points and to come […]

from https://www.crimeinamerica.net

Newtown Shooter Lanza Did Not ‘Snap,” FBI Files Say

Newly released documents say that Adam Lanza, the 20-year-old shooter of 20 children and six adults at Sandy Hook Elementary School in 2012, had planned the attack nearly two years earlier.

Adam Lanza, the shooter in the 2012 Newtown, Ct., elementary school massacre, “did not snap” and had planned the attack as early as March 2011, say newly released FBI documents reported by the Wall Street Journal. The bureau made public hundreds of pages of documents related to the criminal investigation of the shooting, providing new insight into the weeks leading up to the attack by Lanza, 20, in which he killed 20 children and six adults. Investigators found that Lanza had a deteriorating relationship with his mother Nancy in the days leading to the shooting. Ms. Lanza said her son, who had become a vegan, hadn’t left his room for three months before the shooting and would communicate only by email. Lanza told his mother he wanted to move to Seattle “where it was dark and gloomy.”

Ms. Lanza said her son hacked a government computer system when he was in the ninth grade. She said his hacking prompted a visit by either the FBI or the Central Intelligence Agency. The FBI told families of victims that Lanza had a complex background “featuring many problematic bio-psycho-social issues. Historical, clinical, and contextual factors contributed to the shooter’s extremely rigid world view. The shooter did not ‘snap,’ but instead engaged in careful, methodical planning and preparation.” The bureau said, “There is evidence to suggest that the shooter had an interest in children that could be categorized as pedophilia.” One person who claimed to communicate via email with Lanza said he “devoted almost all of his internet activity to researching and discussing mass murders and spree killings.”

from https://thecrimereport.org

Put the Guns Down: A Chicago Strategy for Curbing Violence

An evaluation of the Chicago Violence Reduction Strategy by the Urban Institute found that gun violence among targeted street groups was reduced by using community leaders and law enforcement in a strategy that combined moral persuasion and the promise of counseling and social services with the threat of criminal sanctions.

A strategy aimed at reducing gun violence in Chicago by targeting gang members most at risk of being victims or perpetrators with a combination of “moral suasion” and the threat of criminal sanctions resulted in significant reductions of violence, according to an Urban Institute study.

The study focused on the Chicago Violence Reduction Strategy (VRS), launched in 2009 in Chicago neighborhoods identified as at-risk areas for shootings and gang activity. VRS involves calling in key members of violent street groups to meetings with community leaders and justice authorities, and putting them “on notice” that unless they desist from violent activities they will face criminal sanctions. But they are also given alternative options of counseling and social services if they put down their guns. Community leaders are also brought into the meetings to impress upon gang members that their actions are harming the neighborhood.

The program evaluation, which began in 2011, found that VRS was “associated with a 23 percent reduction in the shooting patterns of treated groups (victimization and offending) and a 32 percent reduction in the shooting victimization of group members.”

But it also found that the strategy’s impacts were limited to the neighborhoods themselves, and that widespread perceptions of mistrust in law enforcement represented a serious barrier to broader success.

“Mutual mistrust threatens VRS because the intervention’ s underlying logic is that stronger police -community relationships will reduce shootings,” said the study’s authors.  “ The mistrust underscores the intervention ’s importance in repairing and strengthening justice system–community relationships. “

The evaluation was conducted by Anika Dvwedi, Jocelyn Fontaine, Jesse Jannetta and David Leitson of the Urban Institute and Andrew Papachristos of Yale University. Funding was provided by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The full study is available here.

 

from https://thecrimereport.org

TSA Gets Complaints Over ‘Invasive Touching’ Pat-Downs

Security agency defends a “more involved” pat-down procedure. An official says, “Pat-downs result in the discovery of knives and other dangerous items carried on a passenger’s person on a daily basis.”

Jenna MacFarlane, a Charlotte graphic designer, says she was “humiliated” by a full-body airport pat down. The Transportation Security Adminstration has launched a “more involved” pat-down procedure, the Charlotte Observer reports. TSA said its officers are trained to treat passengers with respect, doing the procedure with officers of the same gender as the passenger, with a second officer present. “Pat-downs result in the discovery of knives and other dangerous items carried on a passenger’s person on a daily basis,” spokesman Mike England said. “They are a valuable tool in keeping our skies safe.”

Some security experts question whether the screenings are effective, and civil liberties advocates say pat-downs can be nearly sexual in their intimacy. CNN political commentator Angela Rye posted a video of her own pat-down at Detroit’s airport last December. Rye said she fought back tears as a TSA agent twice touched her crotch. MacFarland, 56, filed complaints with TSA and Sen. Richard Burr (R-NC), saying that her search “was improper, uncalled for, and other searches could have been conducted that would have eliminated the need for invasive touching.” In response to complaint to Burr’s office, the agency said a test indicated explosives might have been in her bag, prompting the pat-down. None were found.

from https://thecrimereport.org

Can Communities Control Crime? The Baltimore Experiment

Subtitles “Are you saying you can’t keep your hood safe?” Cops want communities to take responsibility for their own crime problems. Gang members called Ceasefire organizers to say they would not engage in violence, Bridgeford said. Corner boys said their blocks would stay quiet. Author Leonard Adam Sipes, Jr. Thirty-five years of speaking for national […]

Subtitles “Are you saying you can’t keep your hood safe?” Cops want communities to take responsibility for their own crime problems. Gang members called Ceasefire organizers to say they would not engage in violence, Bridgeford said. Corner boys said their blocks would stay quiet. Author Leonard Adam Sipes, Jr. Thirty-five years of speaking for national […]

from http://www.crimeinamerica.net

Can Communities Control Crime? The Baltimore Experiment

Subtitles “Are you saying you can’t keep your hood safe?” Cops want communities to take responsibility for their own crime problems. Gang members called Ceasefire organizers to say they would not engage in violence, Bridgeford said. Corner boys said their blocks would stay quiet. Author Leonard Adam Sipes, Jr. Thirty-five years of speaking for national […]

Subtitles “Are you saying you can’t keep your hood safe?” Cops want communities to take responsibility for their own crime problems. Gang members called Ceasefire organizers to say they would not engage in violence, Bridgeford said. Corner boys said their blocks would stay quiet. Author Leonard Adam Sipes, Jr. Thirty-five years of speaking for national […]

from https://www.crimeinamerica.net